192 THE BHJXT of many of the actual leaders of the movement are instinct with a spirit of asceticism and detachment from the world and a sincere piety, which are very different from the ordinary outcome of Hinduism. Bat in no case did this catholic simplicity last for more Hian a single generation. The great teacher had no sooner passed away than his very first successor hedged ronnd his little band of followers -with new -casts restrictions, formulated a series of narrow dogmas out of what had Ibeen intended as comprehensive exhortations to holiness and good works ; and substituted for au interior devotion and mystical love— which were at least pure in intent, &ongh perhaps scarcely attainable in practice by ordinary humanity—an extravagant system of outward worship with all the sensual accompaniments of gross and material passion. The Bhakt-mala? thongh an infallible oracle, is an exceedingly obscure one, and requires a practised hierophant for its interpretation. It gives no legend at length^ but consists throughout of a series of the "briefest allusions to legends, which, are supposed to be already well-known. Without some such previous knowledge the poem is absolutely unintelligible. Its concise notices have therefore been expanded into more complete lives by different modern writers, both In Hindi and Sanskrit. One of these paraphrases is entitled the Bhakt Sindhn, and the author, by name Lakshman? is said to have taken great pains to verify his facts. But though his success may satisfy the Hindu mind? which is constitutionally tolerant of chronological Inaccuracy ? he falls very far below the requirements of European criticism. His work is however useful, since it gives a number of floating traditions; which could otherwise be gathered only from oral communications with the G-osains of the different sects^ who? as a rule, are very averse to speak OE such matters with outsiders. The four mala divisions, or Sampradayas3 as they are called, of the reformed Vaishnavas are the Sri Vaishnavaj the Nimbarak Yaishnava, the Madhva Yaishnava, and the Vishnu Sw&mi. The last sect is now virtually extinct ; for though the name is occasionally retained, their doctrines were entirely re- modelled in the sixteenth century "by the famous G-oktd Gosain Vallahhdchaiya, after whom "his adherents are ordinarily styled either Vallabhacharyas or Crokulastlia Gosains. Their history and tenets will find more appropriate place in connection witib the town of Gokni, which, is still their head-quarters. The Sri Sampradaya was altogether unknown at Brinda-ban till quite re* ijj when the two brothers of Seth Lakhmi Chand, after abjuring lie Jaini faith, were enlisted in its ranks, and by the advice of the 0-uru, who had is* eeiv«i their submission, founded at enormous cost the great temple of Bang J!